This medicine can be used to help alleviate moderate to moderately severe pain. Tramadol is similar to opioid (narcotic) analgesics. It functions in the mind to change the way your body feels and responds to pain.
How to use
Read the Medication Guide provided by your pharmacist before you start taking tramadol and every time you get a refill. In case you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medicine by mouth as directed by your doctor, usually every 4 to 6 hours as needed for pain relief. If you have nausea, it might help to take this drug with meals. Consult your health care provider or pharmacist about other ways to reduce nausea (such as lying down for 1 to 2 hours using as little head movement as possible).
To lower your risk of side effects, your doctor may direct you to start this medication at a low dose and gradually increase your dose. Follow your physician’s instructions carefully. The maximum recommended dose is 400 mg per day. If you’re older than 75 decades, the maximum recommended dose is 300 mg per day. Do not increase your dose, take the medicine more frequently, or take it for a longer time than prescribed. Properly stop the medication when so directed.
Should you wait until the pain has worsened, the medicine may not work as well.
When you’ve got ongoing pain (such as due to arthritis), your physician may direct you to also choose long-acting opioid medications. In that case, this medication may be used for abrupt (breakthrough) pain just as needed. Other pain relievers (such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen) may also be prescribed. Ask your physician or pharmacist about using tramadol closely with other drugs.
Suddenly stopping this medication may lead to withdrawal, particularly in the event that you’ve used it for a long time or in high doses. To stop withdrawal, your doctor may decrease your dose slowly. Tell your doctor or pharmacist straight away if you have some withdrawal symptoms such as restlessness, mental/mood affects (like stress, trouble sleeping, thoughts of suicide), watering eyes, runny nose, nausea, nausea, sweating, muscle aches, or abrupt changes in behaviour.
If this medicine is used for quite a while, it may not operate as well. Talk with your doctor if this medication stops working well.
Though it helps many people, this medicine may sometimes trigger addiction. This risk may be greater if you’ve got a substance use disorder (such as overuse of or addiction to drugs/alcohol). Take this medication exactly as prescribed to lower the risk of addiction. Consult your physician or pharmacist for additional information.
Tell your doctor if your pain does not get better or if it gets worse.
Some of the side effects may decrease once you have been using this medication for some time.
To prevent constipation, consume dietary fiber, drink enough water, and workout. You may also have to have a laxative. Consult your pharmacist which sort of laxative is right for you.
To reduce the risk of dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising from a lying or sitting position.
Do not forget that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has understood that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication don’t have severe side effects.
Get medical help straight away if you have any very serious side effects, such as: fast/irregular heartbeat, severe dizziness, fainting, seizure.
This medication may increase serotonin and infrequently result in a very serious illness called serotonin syndrome/toxicity. The risk increases if you’re also taking other drugs that boost serotonin, so tell your physician or pharmacist of all the drugs you choose (see Drug Interactions section). Get medical help right away if you develop some of the following symptoms: rapid heartbeat, hallucinations, loss of coordination, severe nausea, severe nausea/vomiting/diarrhea, twitching muscles, unexplained fever, unusual agitation/restlessness.
Tramadol is transformed into a strong opioid drug in the human system. In some people, this change occurs faster and more completely than usual, which increases the risk of very severe side effects. Get medical help straight away if you notice any of these: slow/shallow breathing, severe drowsiness/difficulty waking up, confusion.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is uncommon. However, get medical help straight away if you notice any of the following symptoms: rash, and itching/swelling (especially of this face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This isn’t a comprehensive list of possible side effects. Should you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
From the US – Call your physician for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA in 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
Before taking tramadol, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you’re allergic to it; or if you have any allergies. This item could contain inactive ingredients, which may lead to allergic reactions or other problems. Talk with your pharmacist for more details.
Before applying this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: Brain disorders (such as head injury, tumor, seizures), breathing problems (such as asthma, sleep apnea, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD), kidney disease, liver disease, mental/mood disorders (such as confusion, depression, suicidal thoughts), family or personal history of a substance use disorder (such as overuse of addiction to drugs/alcohol), stomach/intestinal problems (such as blockage, constipation, diarrhea due to infection, paralytic ileus), difficulty urinating (such as due to enlarged prostate), gallbladder disease, disease of the pancreas (pancreatitis), obesity.
Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you dizzy or drowsy. Don’t drive, use machinery, or do anything which requires alertness until you can do it safely. Stay away from alcoholic beverages. Talk to your doctor if you are using marijuana (cannabis).
Tramadol can make a condition which affects the heart rhythm (QT prolongation). QT prolongation can rarely cause serious (rarely fatal) fast/irregular heartbeat and other symptoms (such as severe dizziness, fainting) that need medical attention straight away.
The risk of QT prolongation may be increased if you have certain medical conditions or are taking other drugs that may cause QT prolongation.
Low levels of magnesium or potassium in the blood can also raise your risk of QT prolongation. Speak with your doctor about using tramadol safely.
During pregnancy, this medication ought to be used only when clearly needed. It might damage an unborn baby. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. (See also Warning section.) Breast-feeding whilst using this drug isn’t suggested. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
Don’t flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.
Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for severe side effects. This record doesn’t contain all possible drug interactions. Maintain a list of all of the products that you use (such as prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your health care provider and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medications without your doctor’s approval.
Taking MAO inhibitors with this medication may cause a serious (possibly fatal) drug interaction. Avoid taking MAO inhibitors (isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue, moclobemide, phenelzine, procarbazine, rasagiline, safinamide, selegiline, tranylcypromine) during treatment with this medicine. Most MAO inhibitors must also not be taken for two weeks before treatment with this medication. Ask your doctor when to start or stop taking this medication.
The risk of serotonin syndrome/toxicity increases if you are also taking other drugs that increase serotonin. The risk of serotonin syndrome/toxicity may be more likely when you begin or increase the dose of the drugs.
Other medications can affect the elimination of tramadol in the entire body, which might influence how tramadol works.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you’re taking other products such as other psychiatric pain or cough relievers (such as codeine, hydrocodone), alcohol, marijuana (cannabis), drugs for sleep or anxiety (such as alprazolam, lorazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants (such as carisoprodol, cyclobenzaprine), or antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine).
Ask your pharmacist about using those products securely.
This medicine may interfere with certain lab tests (like amylase/lipase amounts ), possibly causing false test results.
If someone has overdosed and has severe symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, give them naloxone if accessibleLeave a reply